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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 14, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries, that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time, because
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with time comes change -- what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. iran finally reached a deal for its nuclear program. >> the pathway to nuclear weapons is cut off, and the transparency necessary to verify that objective will be put into place. laura: getting a deal done is one thing, but getting congress to signoff is another. why some republicans are opposed to the agreement. >> 3, 2, 1.
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laura: cheering the first flyby of pluto after a long journey. ♪ laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also from around the globe. iran has signed an agreement limiting its nuclear activity in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions. iran described the deal as a new chapter of hope and president obama said it would stop the spread of nuclear weapons in the middle east. it is a tough sell for many on capitol hill and in israel. >> for many of the young people in tehran, it is as if sanctions
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have already been lifted. they see a brighter future for themselves and their country. governments call these family photos. who would've thought the foreign minister of iran would be center stage after all of the years of international isolation, smiling and joking with the world's great powers because they have finally done a nuclear deal. in tehran and washington the president strode to the microphone to welcome the deal in different ways. president obama: we have stop the spread of nuclear weapons in the region. the coats of this deal the international community will be able to verify the islamic republic of iran will not develop a nuclear weapon. president kem -- president khamenei: iran has never pursued
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that path. and never will. >> the deal means that iran has scaled down its nuclear program substantially, pushing back the day it would be able to build a bomb if it decided to do so. iran will except intrusive monitoring by u.n. inspectors from the atomic agency based indiana. -- based in vienna. today's deal will cut the amount of enriched uranium iran can produce, and the reactor capable of producing weapons grade uranium must be converted so it is no longer able to do so. in return sanctions will be relaxed, that means releasing $100 billion back to iran in frozen assets and ending a ban on energy sector imports.
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iran is obliged to accept that sanctions will be restored if sanctions are not kept. why is this such a big moment? to understand we have to go back 35 years to the iranian revolution and ayatollah how -- and ayatollah's return from exile. >> ayatollah was about to take power as supreme leader of the new islamic republic of iran. it was in 1979 when iran was less control of with the rise of the shia. revolutionary students overran the embassy and held 150 americans hostage for over a year. this afternoon i asked secretary
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kerry if washington and iran could work together against a shared enemy, isil or the islamic state. secretary kerry: we have no idea what the future holds. that is not the purpose of this agreement. this is a nuclear agreement. we know whatever activities iran is engaged in today will be far more empowered and more of a challenge to the global community if they have a nuclear weapon. this is pretty simple stuff. >> the moment john kerry gets home he faces opposition in congress. >> the deal we have, from my view, is unacceptable. it will hand a dangerous regime billions of dollars in sanctions relief all paving the way for a nuclear iran. >> if getting this deal was anything with easy, what comes
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next is tough, too. those who made the agreement they stood task of ensuring that both sides deliver what was promised. laura: the supreme leader of iran promises a negotiating team . one of those is the prime minister, mohammad javad zarif . >> life's been on hold in iran is millions of waited anxiously for news of a deal. news from the man who came to symbolize the iranian desire for different relationship with the world. don't scream smile urged one headline this morning. in a rare interview, he said he saw a lesson in this. zarif: we can prevail over threats and coercion, and produce better results.
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we have had threats for two decades, and two years of diplomacy trumped 30 years of oppression. >> you're going home where you are being hailed as a hero and accused of being a traitor. you accept difficult political and personal battles at home? zarif: the good people of iran do not see the world as i do. they do not see the outcome of these negotiations as i do. i hope this one will make a different impression in iran. that people can have an agreement with the west, and respect that agreement. >> iranians want to see the dividends of the diplomacy. >> as an iranian i am happy that after 12 years sanctions will be lifted. it makes me really happy that now we are going to be a powerful player in the world. >> that is the next challenge.
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a role in the region. >> our region is the highest priority. we want to engage in neighbors and: our neighbors to set aside delusions of being able to portray iran as a threat a. iran is changing, but now we can say by how much. how much easier it will be to engage with the nation with an identity all of its own. bbc news. laura: everyone was pleased -- not everyone was pleased with the agreement. iran said they would do what they could to hold the deal. i spoke with the deputy national security adviser ben rhodes. is the administration confident that this deal prevents iran am ever building a nuclear bomb?
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ben:absolutely. this deal put strict limitations on the iranian program. there he real limitations for 15 years, including 98% of the stock pile being shipped out of the country. there is a permanent prohibition on them building a nuclear weapon, and there is a permanent transparency clause that will give them the ability to inspect to sites inside of iran. iran would have to violate the deal to pursue a nuclear weapon. laura: that is a possibility. a former advisor to president obama warranted that iran can build as big of a nuclear program as they like. what is to stop them from building a nuclear program then? ben:15 years of stock via limitations and limitations on their program, that iran is permanently prohibited from having a weaponization of the
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peaceful nuclear program because of the transparency regime. we would have a better capability to detect if iran violated international obligations and sought to weaponize its program. we would have the same options available 15, 20 years from now that we would today with a stronger transparency and verification regime. laura: you are seeing the leader gloating, saying the sanctions are lifted and a rich iran will be able to stand by allies. can you stop iran from sending funds to hezbollah? ben:we obviously seeks to prohibit the iranian support of hezbollah. that is something that has been ongoing under the sanctions, but this deal is about the nuclear issue. iran does engage in support with terrorism and proxies, which we oppose, and they will likely do that at going forward.
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the want that with a nuclear weapon? a nuclear umbrella is a far more dangerous situation man today. we put these on the table to prevent them from getting the nuclear weapon. we will continue opposing their support for terrorism with other sanctions, but we have opposed the biggest threat, which was the nuclear threat. laura: thank you for joining us. congress has 60 days to review the deal. for more on the reaction i spoke with a republican senator who spits on that relations committee and joined us from capitol hill. thank you for joining us. as you receive the pages of this deal, what is your greatest concern? >> the greatest concern is something that we have rest the administration to take up from the beginning. to require that iran cease its
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support of terrorist activities. they have totally ignore that. there has been no discussion and nothing in the documents. we know while they were pressed for cash, they spent millions of dollars supporting hamas, as below, the rebels, and many other terrorist organizations supplying them with cash and other support. we'll now free up $100 billion or more for them to use as they see fit. they are clearly going to use a large chunk of this to support terrorist activity. that is wrong. i don't know how, morally, you can vote for this deal handing them that kind of cash to be used in that fashion. to me, it is foolishness. that is aside from the fact that the agreement gives them a path to developing a nuclear weapon and developing a delivery system. laura: senator, do you think
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congress will reject the deal? >> i think the majority of congress will reject the deal. in the senate, it will take 60 votes to pass in the first place, and 67 to override the threatened presidential veto. i think the president will give the democrats a hard sell that they need to stand by this. there are a few that'll give us a few more votes if they are up for election and have to go the other way, but not enough. we need a robust discussion and the bait on the matter. there will be that, i believe that. laura: what is the alternative to the deal? >> the alternative is what we said in the first place. until they agree to 100% give up their nuclear ambitions and 100% stop supporting terrorism around
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the world, just keep the sanctions in place. sooner or later the iranians themselves, and the populace of iran, is very much separated from their leadership on these issues -- the populace was rise up same we are going to do things differently than what the leadership has been doing. laura: we were speaking to republican senator from capitol hill's. we will see what happens as congress has 60 days to review the iranian nuclear deal. there will be tough hearings in washington later this summer. around the world, prime minister alexis -- alexis tsipras says he takes full responsibility for monday's deal to prevent his country from going bankrupt. the reforms must be passed by the country's parliament. if they fail, the banks would collapse in the country could be forced to leave the euro.
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the mexican government is offering $4 million for the capture of their most wanted drug lord, who escaped writeup security prison. a huge manhunt is underway for joaquin guzman, who escaped from his cell threat tunnel. they united nations says new hiv infections have dropped by 35% in the past 15 years. google has removed the chinese area in the south china sea from the google map. they have removed the island chain after week of online additions demanding the chain. still to come, closer to pluto than we have ever been. an unmanned nasa spacecraft went
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by the dwarf planet. today in philadelphia, president obama was going to talk about the need for reforming the criminal justice system. we have more on this issue. >> america has the world's largest prison population. more than half of those in federal prison are serving time for nonviolent drug offenses. many are saying that is too harsh of a penalty including president obama. president obama: many people have become aware over the inequities in the criminal justice system. the fact that we spend $80 billion a year and incarcerating people who have only been involved in nonviolent drug offenses. >> the president commuted the sentences of 46 nonviolent drug offenders who served for nearly a decade.
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president obama: these men and women were not hardened criminals. the overwhelming majority have been sentenced to at least 20 years. the punishments did not fit the crime. >> the president is sending a message to the american public that we need to rethink how we deal with drug offenses. >> this is a change from america's war on drugs in the 1980's, when tough penalties were introduced for nonviolent drug offenders. this graph shows how the prison population rocketed after the three strike policy was introduced, putting more people behind bars. race plays a big part. the largest portion of nonviolent drug offenders is black. another reason for prison reform is money. it costs $31,000 a year to house an inmate. with republicans and democrats struggling to balance the budget, president obama believes now is the time for warm.
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president obama: i believe america is a nation of second chances at its heart. these folks deserve their second chance. ♪ laura: back to sierra leone where health officials are warning that new cases of ebola are emerging more than one year after the major outbreak was declared. there have been a decline in recent months, but in the capital there has been a sudden rise in new affections. -- in new infections. >> there is optimism in the air as medics continue to put their lives on the line to treat sick patients. this is one of the few treatment centers still taking patients. they are currently treating seven infected patients, but none of them came here on their own accord. health workers had to go into
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communities to find them. people acquire the identified as high risk, but refused treatment, face fines and jail. >> people do not believe there is ebola. there is a lot of resistance. a lot of it is fear, and people think that they want to be with their family. >> hunting down new cases is a laborious task. this is the youngest of 46 people in quarantined. they are checked for symptoms by u.k. funded community investigators twice a day while confined to their homes for three weeks. how are you and your family? >> i am not been able to work on the farm. in the future, how am i going to feed my children? >> the military enforces the quarantine.
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this is where they receive their orders from. >> we are winning the war, but it is not over. if we have one case, we still have an epidemic. i know a few months ago this was an emergency. international attention to have moved elsewhere, but what we are doing here serves as the first line of defense. if we do not face this year, we would have to face it elsewhere. >> here's what the end in site would look like. a multimillion town british treatment center has closed. the former danger zone is eerily quiet. this is where hundreds of people were treated. it is where many died. as a smaller unit on the side specifically for infected health workers is where one patient is being cared for. the big concern is what happens when international money and fedex leave sierra leone.
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the country's president says they need help to look after a community in shock and health-care system on its knees. bbc news freetown. laura: they are returning to freetown with new ebola cases. the dwarf planet of pluto has never loomed so large. after nine years and billions of miles the new horizon space probe has been doing a flyby beaming back the clearest images of bhutto. they will collect more information to come. we report from mission headquarters in maryland. >> 9, 8, 7 -- >> counting down to the first encounter with the distant world of pluto. the moment to that years of planning and waiting have paid off for. the atmosphere is incredible. there is a sense of achievement
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that getting a spacecraft to 3 billion miles to pluto, and the excitement of sharing a moment of discovery. nearly a decade ago, the new horizon space craft set off and blurred views of pluto became sharper and sharper. today, read received this image revealing bizarre patterns. it is an icy and active world. it is snowing rose and nitrogen. scientists were thrilled when a picture came in. >> wow. >> they cannot believe they got this far. >> it is rare times when you get to do something larger than life. the exploration that the furthers world that humans have ever explored, the completion of the initial reconnaissance of the solar system sounds like science fiction, but it is not. today, we flew by pluto, and tomorrow images, spectra, and
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data will arrive. >> pluto was only a speck of light when it was spotted in 1930. the other stronger has since died, but some of his ashes were on the base craft as it shot past pluto. they his -- today his son was at mission control and told of his surprise. >> a little piece of dad is going to the planet he discovered and on into the universe. >> how does that feel? >> fantastic. >> the spacecraft aimed for a particular point in space with the best possible view. until now we've only had artist's impressions of pluto. now we have real pictures. teachers are so unexpected that people cannot yet explain them. -- features are so unexpected that no one yet can explain them, and there is more to come
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tomorrow. laura: pluto is 3 billion miles from here. those close pictures should be released, and we will bring you those. our top story tonight is after marathon talks the u.s. and iran have hailed a deal to curb the iranian nuclear program as a historic opportunity. the agreement is a negotiation. a lifting of international sanctions on iran in exchange for measures to cut their nuclear capabilities. president obama says the deal ensures the world that tehran could not produce nuclear weapons, and iran calls it a new chapter of hope. crowds of people in iran have in celebrating. republicans in congress have voiced disapproval. that brings today's broadcast to a close, but you can find more on today's news on our website. to reach me and most of the bbc team go to twitter.
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from all of us at bbc world news america, thank you for watching, and two in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every institute
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across the globe, because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: an iran nuclear deal is reached, world powers and tehran strike a compromise to end sanctions and limit nuclear power. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. also ahead this tuesday: full analysis of today's historic pact. what will a new chapter in iran's relations with the world look like? >> woodruff: plus... >> i like to call this a mission of delayed gratification. >> woodruff: unlocking the mysteries of the solar system's underdog after a three billion mile journey and nearly a decade. a close up look at pluto. >> the opportunity to transform pluto from a little pixilated

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